OpenSource
OpenSource
OpenSource 471
OpenSource
RETIRED MACHINE

OpenSource

OpenSource - Linux Linux
OpenSource - Easy Easy

4.6

MACHINE RATING

5157

USER OWNS

4959

SYSTEM OWNS

21/05/2022

RELEASED
Created by irogir

Machine Synopsis

OpenSource is an easy difficulty linux machine that features a Python HTTP server listening on port 80. After downloading the web application's source code, a Git repository is identified. Viewing the previous commits on the repository reveals a Virtual Studio Code settings file that contains a set of credentials for user `dev01`. Analysis of the application source code reveals that it is vulnerable to unrestricted file uploading and Directory traversal attacks, which can be abused in order to overwrite `views.py` and obtain Remote Command Execution. Users can leverage the RCE to obtain a reverse shell inside a Docker container. The container network can be used to enumerate the host machine internally and identify a `Gitea` instance running on port 3000. The credentials that were identified earlier can be used to login to the `Gitea` instance and download a backup of `dev01` user's SSH keys. After connecting to the host system with SSH, `Pspy` can be used to identify a cron job that is running as `root` and searches for changes in a repository found in the home directory of user `dev01`. The Git configuration file can be edited by the low level user and the `fsmonitor` parameter can be leveraged to obtain a root shell.

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